6 relative dating principles
The types and forms or shape of these pots and also the antiquities under go evolutionary changes in cource of time, It is further assumed that all living animals derive body material from the plant kingdom, and also exhibit the same proportion of C-14 material.Therefore as soon as the organism dies no further radiocarbon is added.This dating method is also known as Archaeological Dating or Historical Chronology. These methods were relied on especially prior to the introduction of scientific methods of dating.But, even when the scientific methods of absolute dating are available, this method of dating has not lost its importance, as many a time we have to depend solely on relative dating.This closely agrees with the fact that the seals from Indus Valley style from Ur, Kish and Tell Asmar and other sites fall within the range of 2500-1500 B. When a group or type of objects are found together under circumstances suggesting contemporanity they are said to be associated.It is nearly always association with other phenomena that gives a first clue as to the use, the age and chronological attribution of a potential datum, but age at least may sometimes be inferred from position in a geological deposit or a layer of peat.
Modern C-14 emits about 15 counts per minute per gram, whereas Carbon-14 which is 5700 years old, emits about 7.5 counts per minute per gram.At that time the radioactive disintegration takes over in an uncompensated manner. only half the C-14 will remain after the half-life period.In the disintegration process the Carbon-14 returns to nitrogen emitting a beta particle in the process.Antiquities and potteries of Roman origin were found in association with the finds of Indian origin.
With the aid of these dated imports it was possible to date the associated Indian objects to the first two centuries A. Similarly NBP and PGW has helped in fixing the chronology of numerous sites. Sometimes dates are also obtained with the assistance of astronomy.Astronomical data have been applied in the study of geological ice ages by calculating the curves for major fluctuation of solar radiation.Consequently, the chronology worked out for the geological deposits helped in dating the prehistoric tools found in these deposits. There are certain antiquities and potteries which by themselves have acquired a dating value.Once a type has been classified by the aid of its context further specimen of the same type, even when found in isolation, can be assigned their place in terms of dates.